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World Greenhouse Gas Emissions

per capita
by gas
by sector
Gases · 4
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The emissions from land use, land-use change, and forestry (LULUCF) are not included here.


Production-based emissions (as opposed to consumption-based emissions) are the emissions taking place within national territory, irrespective of whether the goods and services resulting from these emissions are consumed domestically or are exported.

Consumption-based emissions take into account the effects of trade (See : Carbon Footprint).

Data sources


Gütschow, J.; Jeffery, L.; Gieseke, R. (2019): The PRIMAP-hist national historical emissions time series (1850-2016). v2.0. GFZ Data Services.


Climate Data Explorer. 2017. Country Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available online at:


EDGARv4.3.2 website ( DOI ( and the following scientific publication: Janssens-Maenhout, G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Dentener, F., Bergamaschi, P., Pagliari, V., Olivier, J. G. J., Peters, J. A. H. W., van Aardenne, J. A., Monni, S., Doering, U., and Petrescu, A. M. R.: Global Atlas of the three major Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the period 1970-2012, Earth System Science Data, essd-2017-79, submitted, 2017


The ‘Emissions by sector’ domain of the FAOSTAT Agri-Environmental Indicators section contains data on emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by gas, economic sector, country and year. The sources for these data are: • FAOSTAT emissions domains (Emissions - Agriculture and Emissions - Land Use) (FAO, 2016) for the sectors: ‘Agriculture total’, ‘Land Use sources’ and ‘Forest’. • EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) (JRC/PBL, 2016) for the sectors: ‘Energy (energy industries, manufacturing and fugitive emissions)’, ‘Transport’, ‘Residential, commercial, institutional and AFF (Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing)’, ‘Industrial processes and product use’, ‘Waste’, ‘Other sources’ and ‘International Bunkers’. In the EDGAR database, developed by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (JRC/PBL, 2016), the annual data on GHG emissions are available by country, source/sink category, gas and year. The source/sink categories follow the guidelines from IPCC (1997) Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories (Olivier et al., 2011, p.8). In this FAOSTAT ‘Emissions by sector’ domain, the source/sink categories from EDGAR have been aggregated into seven sectors, as shown in table 1 below. EDGAR data under IPCC categories 4 and 5 (‘Total Agriculture’ and ‘Total Land-Use Change and Forestry’) have not been included, as these data have been taken from FAOSTAT. EDGAR data for ‘International aviation’ and ‘International navigation/shipping’ are available only at the world level.

See also